The Equality Act 2010 brings together legislation and sets out rights which should protect all UK citizens, including disabled people, from discrimination. These rights cover most areas including: employment, education, and dealing with the police. Comprehensive Guidance is available from the Equality and Human Rights Commission. The Act, together with the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, help to enforce, protect and promote the rights of disabled people
In general terms, the Equality Act defines a disabled person as a person with a disability. A person has a disability if he or she has a physical or mental impairment and this has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
This means that, in general the person must have an impairment that is either physical or mental; the impairment must have adverse effects which are substantial; the substantial adverse effects must be long-term; and the long-term substantial adverse effects must be effects on normal day-to-day activities.